The Marcellus Shale
Plus: the skint
|We try not to repeat ourselves and we don't like going all Henny Penny on you, but: Governor Paterson is looking awfully weak when it comes to protecting New York's water from the serious—very serious—dangers of fracking. So, one more time, here's our short piece on fracking, the consequences to our water system if it's allowed in our watershed without strict regulation, and what you can do about it.
Your drinking water is protected by the EPA's Safe Drinking Water Act, except when it's not. The Halliburton Loophole, as it is known, was passed by Congress in 2005, an exemption that literally and figuratively undermines the Safe Drinking Water Act.
Why the loophole? Fracking.
Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is a method in which water (huge amounts are needed), plus sand, plus chemicals are high-pressured into tightly packed shale. That causes the rocks to fracture, allowing for extraction of oil and gases otherwise trapped. You with us so far?
The technology to do this extraction has improved in recent years so that companies like Halliburton are suddenly chomping at the drill bit to frack the shale bounty. These companies lobbied Congress for the right to frack freely, without the regulatory oversight of the Safe Drinking Water Act interfering with their bottom line. Congress granted this drill-baby-drill exemption four years ago.
Without careful monitoring, however, and some say even with it, the environmental impact of this kind of drilling can be disastrous. Among the consequences: contaminated drinking water from the hydrofracking fluid runoff.
One example. As Abrahm Lustgarten at ProPublica has reported, water near the gas-rich, recently fracked fields in Wyoming's Sublette Country was analyzed this past summer. Lustgarten reports that the water contained benzene, "a chemical believed to cause aplastic anemia and leukemia, in a concentration 1,500 times the level safe for people."
The Marcellus Shale is a rock formation of black shale that covers 54,000 square miles across four states: Ohio, West Viriginia, Pennsylvania, and New York. Marcellus has lots of natural gas, ready for the fracking, and, indeed, in Ohio and Pennsylvania, they're already drilling — and spilling. Drilling will begin in New York if the state's Department of Environmental Conservation gives the go-ahead.
When you cut through the noise, the results seem clear. If Halliburton and friends are allowed to frack the million acres of Marcellus in the NYC watershed without proper regulation, it will just be a matter of time, and not a lot of it, before our drinking water becomes toxic.
Here's what you can do:
Tell Governor Paterson no on fracking.
Support Environmental Advocates of NY (and see their Facebook page).
Learn more by reading this overview from the Natural Resources Defense Council (PDF).
Urge Congress to close the Halliburton Loophole.
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skint - adj. british slang (1930-35)
lacking funds, broke, bust, stone-broke, impecunious
Around town this weekend, courtesy of the skint: a daily listing of free and cheap things to buy, see, do and eat in New York.
the manhattan vintage clothing show comes to the metropolitan pavilion [fri-sat, $20]
the debate society presents 'you're welcome,' a cycle of 5 bad short plays. most likely very good. the brick theater. [thurs-sat thru 2/27, $18]
play in the snow (made specially for this event), learn how to ski and snowboard at central park's winter jam. [sat 11am-4pm, free]
trade your unwanted art books
at moma's art book swap.
free [sat 12-5pm]
dave tompkins discusses 'the history of the vocoder: how popular music hijacked the pentagon's speech scrambling weapon' @ the wyoming building. part of the unsound festival [sat 5pm, free]